Saturday, 28 December 2013
URBANISATION, POPULATION & HEALTH
Urbanisation is an evolutionary phenomenon, which goes in hand with economic development. If urbanisation is not properly managed, it may lead to unbalanced growth, amplyfying rural-urban, inter-urban and intra-urban disparities in development. Furthermore, concentration of economic resources in cities alone results in problems of rural-urban migration, urban poverty and immense pressures on urban infrastructure and service, leading to the deterioration of the urban environment. It may slow the rate of economic development in the long run, as urban centres become inefficient to sustain growth.
Villagers play a significant role to play in the national economy and significant part in the development process of a community. People’s participation in developmental activity is a common feature all over the world. But the dimensions of population growth in rural areas and their migration to cities poses a great challenge today and all efforts towards development are nuetralised by this ever growing population. Therefore this unplanned population growth has to be tackled together by all the agencies involved in this field.
Taking seriously this gigantic issue many government policies had been planned and implemented in their own way and failed to get the desired results. The reason was most government programmes have generally ignored the fact that reproduction takes place through sexual relations which are conditioned by broader gender relations. Reproductive & Child health (RCH) emerged as a wholesome solution for all these problems.
For successful execution of this programme following strategies can be adopted:
· Community participation in planning for services and prioritizing
· Client centered approach to service provision
· Emphasis on good quality care
· Having a multi-sectoral approach in implementing and monitoring services.
SED proposes to cater to the reproductive health needs of the women living in the slums and resettlement colonies of Delhi and rural women in Rajasthan, by providing the needed care, and services to ensuring safe deliveries. All family planning spacing methods are being popularised, couples are being counselled, whenever needed, to accept a contraceptive method. Immunization of children, growth monitoring and nutritional advices are also being provided. The programme aims to reach all the families living in the area, by providing basic health needs, in general, and addressing the reproductive health needs of couples, in particular.